DE CHIRICO GiorgioVolos (Greece), 1888 - Rome, 1978
Painter. Key figure in the Metaphysical art movement. After studying in Athens and Munich, he moved to Paris with his brother in 1911, where he was noticed by Apollinaire, and then to Ferrara in 1915, where his encounter with Carrà, Morandi and De Pisis resulted in the definition of metaphysical poetics (the series Interni metafisici, Le Muse inquietanti [Metaphysical interiors, the Unsettling Muses], 1918). Their manifesto was based on a sense of melancholy, mystery, the unsettling solitude of space, and the elusive evocative nature of objects. In 1918 he returned to a more traditional art and took up with Mario Broglio's magazine 'Valori Plastic' ['Plastic Values']. His subsequent work saw the return of iconography defined between the 1920's and 30's.